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Impact Of Cultivation And Sugar-cane Green Trash Management On Carbon Fractions And Aggregate Stability For A Chromic Luvisol In Queensland, Australia

Artigo: Impact Of Cultivation And Sugar-cane Green Trash Management On Carbon Fractions And Aggregate Stability For A Chromic Luvisol In Queensland, Australia. Pesquise 800.000+ trabalhos acadêmicos

Por:   •  4/3/2014  •  324 Palavras (2 Páginas)  •  363 Visualizações

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Abstract

Technological advances in sugar-cane harvesting and processing is bringing about rapid changes in production systems

which could impact on soil physical conditions. An increasing incidence of soil structural decline and depletion of soil carbon

levels has increased the risk of soil erosion and crop yield reductions. Soil carbon (C) and aggregate stability were studied on a

sugar-cane (Saccharum of®cinarum L.) green trash blanket trial that had been established on a Chromic Luvisol soil at

Mackay, Qld, Australia in 1992. The experiment consisted of blocks with two blocks being harvested early and the remaining

two blocks harvested late in the crushing season. Within each block, treatment combinations of trash burnt or green trash

blanket, which are either cultivated between rows or not cultivated after harvest, were included. Cropping and cultivation of

the soil reduced the different C fractions in the surface 0±100 mm layer by 66±67% when compared to an adjacent uncropped

reference soil. The labile C (CL) concentration was 11% lower in the burnt treatment compared to the trash returned treatment

but the opposite was found for total C (CT). After four years, the no cultivation treatment had higher concentrations of all C

fractions measured, compared to the cultivated treatment. When compared to the uncropped reference soil, cropping resulted

in marked reductions in aggregate mean weight diameter (MWD) and aggregates >250 mm and an increase in aggregates

<125 mm determined by both immersion and tension wetting. The return of the green trash resulted in a 30% greater MWD

and a 28% increase in aggregates >250 mm and an 18% reduction in aggregates <125 mm compared to the burnt treatment

when immersion wetting was used. Four years of cultivation reduced the MWD, as determined by immersion wetting, by 26%

compared to the no cultivation treatment. No signi®cant correlations were found between any measured C fraction and

aggregate stability. This study indicates that sustainable sugar-cane cropping systems will likely be those where cultivation is

kept to a minimum and trash is retained in the system. # 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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